Monday, January 06, 2014

Did You Know? EAST SUSSEX A Miscellany

51xLXXSEFlL._SL500_AA300_.jpg (300×300)
Compiled by Julia Skinner, page 44 

"The area around Brightling, east of Heathfield, is famous for a number of follies built in the early 19th century by John ‘Mad Jack’ Fuller (1757-1834), an eccentric local squire and ironmaster who lived a the Rose Hill estate, now Brightling Park. These include the Obelisk (or Brightling Needle) on Brightling Down, built to commemorate the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and the cone-shaped Sugar Loaf (or Fuller’s Point) that stands in a field north of the B2056 just east of Woods Corner, south-west of Brightling, which Fuller is said to have built to win a bet. The story goes that he made a wager with a friend in London that he could see the spire of St Giles Church at Dallington from his house, but when he got home he found the view of the spire was blocked by a hill. Nothing daunted, in order to win the bet he had the Sugar Loaf folly built as a spire look-alike on high ground between his home and Dallington, which accurately resembled a distant view of the church’s distinctive spire when seen from his house. He was delighted with his ploy, and claimed that ‘no one can tell one from t’other’."

The authors do not provide any references so it is not known where either their assertion that the Obelisk was built in 1815 to commemorate the Battle of Waterloo or the quote attributed to Fuller originate.

Sunday, January 05, 2014

Rose Fuller Timeline

  1 Feb 1706
Rose Fuller’s elder brother John Fuller born at Brightling, Sussex
12 Apr 1708
Rose Fuller (RF) born at Brightling, Sussex. Baptized on 27 Apr 1708 at Brightling
28 Oct 1709
RF’s sister Elizabeth Fuller born at Brightling, Sussex
15 Jan 1713
RF’s brother Henry Fuller born at Brightling, Sussex
  2 Nov 1715
RF’s brother Thomas born at Brightling, Sussex
27 Nov 1716
RF’s brother Stephen christened at Waldron, Sussex
Ithamar Mill born at St Catherine, Jamaica
Richard Mill, father-in-law of RF, called to the Council of Jamaica
Richard Mill, father-in-law of RF, appointed Receiver General of Jamaica
RF trained as Medical Doctor at Cambridge; Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
26 Apr 1729
RF studied medicine at Leiden, Holland (sometimes Leyden)
20 Apr 1732
RF made Fellow of the Royal Society
11 Dec 1732
RF sails for Jamaica when management of estates by attorneys resulted in loss of profits
RF arrived in Spanish Town, Jamaica
17 May 1733
Molasses Act passed by British Parliament to regulate trade by imposing a sixpence per gallon tax on molasses imported by the American Colonies from non-British sugar producing countries.  It was unsuccessful, however, as smuggling and bribing customs officials nullified the law.
RF elected member for St Catherine to the Jamaica Assembly
28 Jan 1735
William Fuller born in Spanish Town, Jamaica(son of Mary Johnston Rose and possibly Rose Fuller)
18 Apr 1735 
William Fuller baptized 
26 Apr 1737
RF married Ithamar Mill, daughter of Richard Mill
RF called to council and made supreme court judge in Jamaica
22 Apr 1738
Ithamar Mill, RF’s wife died in childbirth. The baby did not survive.
16 June 1739
Death of Richard Mill. Grange Penn and a house in Spanish Town left to his son-in-law RF “And lastly in regard to the Tenderness and affection with which my Son in Law Doctor Rose Fuller used his late wife my dearly beloved Daughter I do hereby give devise and bequeath All the rest residue and remainder of my Reall (sic) and Personal Estate whatsoever to the said Doctor Rose Fuller his Heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns forever”: Source -
23 Aug 1739
Richard Mill’s will proved at London
Disputes with Governor William Trelawny led to removal  of RF from the council
RF’s brother Thomas Fuller starts work as a sugar merchant in London
Mary Johnston Rose, a free mulatto, applied for herself and her mulatto sons, Thomas Wynter (son of Dr William Wynter?)and William Fuller (son of Rose Fuller?), “as if white” status.
Disputes with Governor William Trelawny led to RF’s removal from the bench
28 Nov 1746
English parliament confirmed an Act of the Jamaican Assembly granting Mary Rose Johnson and her sons “as if white” status.  
RF back in England
RF returned to Jamaica
19 Mar 1753
RF appointed Chief Justice of Jamaica and chief judge of the court of judicature sitting at St Jago de la Vega (Spanish Town) by governor Charles Knowles
31 Jan 1754
RF led a rally of several hundred people to protest the bid to move the capital of Jamaica from Spanish Town to Kingston near the building in which Governor Knowles was leading a session of the court of chancery. Fuller was charged with inciting a riot although no riot occurred.
7 Oct 1754
Knowles wrote to the Board of Trade ‘complaining of the “tyrannical proceedings of Dr. Fuller in his capacity of judge”. RF resigned as Chief Justice
  5 Feb 1755
Death of elder brother, John Fuller. Rose Fuller who now became heir of the Fuller estate, including Rose Hill, Brightling.
15 Feb 1755
In a letter to RF, brother Stephen Fuller writes of his preparations for RF’s return to England,
“I take it you will have no OBJECTION TO A Celler full of Strong Bere…and will take care to lay in a Proportionable Stock of wine.”(sic)
Aug 1755
RF arrives in England. There is no evidence that he ever returned to Jamaica.
Seven Years War aka French and Indian War
9 Oct 1756
Letter written to RF by his sister Elizabeth (Fuller) Slone thanking him for her long stay at Rosehill and saying of RF and brother Stephen Fuller, “'both run great risk of your healths with such riotous living'.
RF elected MP for New Romney.
20 Feb 1757
John “Mad Jack” Fuller born at North Stoneham, Hampshire.
23 Jul 1761
RF’s brother, the Rev Henry Fuller dies leaving his only son, John “Mad Jack” Fuller as sole heir.
RF’s brother Stephen Fuller becomes Jamaica’s agent in London, a post he held until 1795.
  5 Apr 1764
The Sugar Act passed by British Parliament.  It effectively halved the tax imposed by the Molasses Law and was meant to raise revenue as well as regulate the sugar trade.
  6 Feb 1765
Although he had supported it earlier, RF spoke out and voted against the Stamp Act
15 Feb 1765
Presented a petition against the Stamp Act on behalf of merchants trading with Jamaica
RF was MP for Maidstone
16 Mar 1768-1777
RF was MP for Rye
  8 Feb 1769
RF warned the House that putting pressure on America would have undesired consequences saying,”Where do gentlemen wish to end? Do they expect that before it is ended the Americans should in their assemblies declare the power of taxing them to be in this country?”
  5 Mar 1770
RF advocated for the repeal of the tea duty
In reaction to the Boston Tea Party, RF made a speech in the House of Commons offering his experience in trade with Jamaica and America to submit a plan to the house and stating that instead of going on European tours, young members might have better spent their time visiting America.
21 Mar 1774
RF said, “I am from the bottom of my heart convinced that if this bill passes as it now is it will ruin this country”, on the second reading of the Boston port bill.
American Revolutionary War
  7 May 1777
Death of Rose Fuller; Buried 15 May 1777 at Waldron, Sussex. John “Mad Jack” Fuller is chief beneficiary of Rose Fuller’s estate.  Spanish Town house left the lifetime use of Mary Johnston, Rose. 
15 May 1777
RF buried at Waldron, Sussex
20 Feb1783

Jamaica House of Assembly resolved to write to Stephen Fuller, RF’s brother and Jamaica agent in London, requesting he commission a sculptor to create a statue of Lord Rodney to commemorate Rodney’s victory over the French fleet on 12 Apr 1782.
19 Mar 1783
Mary Johnston Rose buried in St Catherine, Jamaica
Thomas Wynter died.
Slave trade abolished in British Empire
Slave Emancipation Act
11 Apr 1834 
Death of John “Mad Jack” Fuller at his London home, 36 Devonshire Place.
Apprenticeships end; true emancipation
William Rose Wynter, grandson of Mary Johnston Rose, died in Devon, England